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Pregnancy: the 10 most common developmental abnormalities

Pregnancy: the 10 most common developmental abnormalities

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The incidence of developmental abnormalities in our country is 6-7 percent. We can call it a disorder that occurs in more than one thousand cases in the New Year. In our country there are dozens of courses.

The most common developmental abnormalities in Hungary Since 1962, it is mandatory to report developmental abnormalities. In 1970 dr. Thanks to Endre Czeizel, VRONY (National Registry of Congenital Anomalies) was created, which collected and analyzed the data and information it received. Accounting, now online, has been working since then, and with the help of multiple birth disorders in Hungary, there has been lightening up. Based on statistical-mathematical calculations, incidence of developmental abnormalities 6-7%. These disorders are the second most important cause of infant death. Based on VRONY data, the most common developmental abnormalities are the circulatory system, the musculoskeletal system, the urinary system, and the digestive system. In most cases, the developmental disorder affects only one organ, but about 10% of the disorders have multiple (multiplex) developmental anomalies.

What does developmental disorder mean?

In VRONY reports, congenital abnormalities are defined as congenital malformations that occur in the fetal life, are biochemical and functional in nature, and may occur during or after childbirth. In addition to genetic causes, these are also due to external effects (disease, environmental damage, chemicals, lifestyle effects).However, in eight cases, there is no light for the exact reasons. We can call it a disorder that occurs in more than one thousand cases in the New Year. In our country there are dozens of courses.

Open spine

One of the most severe forms of developmental disorder, which is the closure of the vertebrae, the spinal cord and its sheaths. THE Insufficient vertebral fibrillation may cause vertebral injurywhich can lead to starvation, fainting and incontinence, and can cause hydration. If ultrasound examination clearly shows this abnormality, then abortion is recommended. Because folic acid deficiency is particularly prone to the development of an open spine, it may prevent this disease by taking appropriate fetal vitamins during the period of conception.

Lip and lip pads

Cleft lip and cleft lip are congenital malformations that can occur both individually and in combination. In their development, environmental and genetic factors can play a role. They are characterized by the fact that fetal development does not prevent the fusion of the solid and the lymphatic membrane. In severe cases, baby nutrition may also be impossible, and in the later stages of speech acquisition may become more difficult. This disorder can be repaired and repaired with the help of repaired surgery and by specialists (eg dentist, speech therapist, mouth wound and plastic wound).

The ventricular chamber

The most common cardiac developmental abnormality is ventricular fibrillation, which is a lack of continuity between the wall separating the right and left ventricles. One thousand newborns have 2-3 children affected by this disease. In the background, genetic factors and external factors play a role. In some cases, spontaneous healing may occur; however, in the case of a larger hole, the lung load may increase, fatigue, fast breathing, and poor nutrition may occur in the newborn, whose development may be at risk. In severe cases, surgery may be needed.


Between 4% and 6% of mature, seasonally born newborns occur. The development of the uterus is shown in Figure 7-9. tomorrow the testicles should descend into the scrotum. Failure to do so will result in latent heroism. The anomaly can be one-sided or two-sided. If the testicle remains in the canal, spontaneous improvement may be expected; however, if the abdomen is affected, an operation may be required to prevent the development of infertility or cancer.


It is a disease of unknown origin in which environmental factors may play a role. Umbilical clefts represent an abnormal location of the urethra. In its mildest form, the external ulceration extends slightly lower in the glans, whereas in the most severe cases it is found in the gut or scrotum. There is definitely a need for a surgical solution, which can include urinary problems and, later on, erectile dysfunction and infertility.

Congenital tinnitus tendency

Between 1000 and more children born 1-2 are usually born with one to three children. These children are 15% more likely to accumulate disorder in their families. In addition to the development of the uterus, genetic factors also influence the development of the disease. The innate hippocampus is characterized by the fact that the newborn hippo is loose and easily moved out of place. There are different degrees of anomaly. Early screening and treatment (including surgical intervention) is important as the problem can be remedied.

Stomach output stenosis

The causes of gastric output congestion are unknown: besides genetic factors, there may be a disorder of the nerves in the background. The disorder is characterized by the swelling of the muscle that is found at the output of the stomach, so that diets cannot pass through the small intestine. Accumulated crashes and radiation warn about the presence of the disease, which is more of a problem in boys. Since nutrition is considered impossible, surgical intervention is needed to remedy the disease.

Congenital drumstick

The most common type of brachial dysfunction can occur in the range of 1-2 thousand. The background includes intrauterine malformations and genetic causes. THE two thirds of children born with an abnormality are children.In the case of congenital stump, the feet have abnormal posture: the outside of the foot, like the barrel of the barrel, bends over the center line of the body and the heels and soles are inward. Early gypsum plastering and, in severe cases, a surgical solution are needed as the child will not be able to recover later.


Congenital infections occur in 10 out of 1,000 births and are much more common in accounts. The major symptom of the lumbar region is the generally painless elasticity of the foreskin (in the scrotum or the great larynx). The reason for the relief is that the abdominal wall (the duct or the ovaries) is protruding and protruding through the abdominal wall (the duct). The most dangerous event in the flap is the dislocation, which can also cause death of the organ in the flush. Spontaneous healing of the abnormality is unlikely, and in any case requires surgical intervention.

Down szindrуma

Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder: three cells are found in cells instead of two chromosomes 21. In 95% of the cases, the disease is non-cancerous and the incidence increases with maternal age. Down syndrome is not a cure, however, it can be detected by genetic screening tests during pregnancy. Patients' quality of life is determined by the severity of the congenital heart and cardiovascular disorders.Articles related to Developmental Disorders: